Vitamins, their type and Source

vitamins

“Vitamins,” I think this word does not need any Introduction because everyone is familiar with this word.

Today everybody busy in their life and they don’t focus on their meal and nutrition. Because of this reason, multivitamins are invented as capsules. before discuss multivitamins, we have to know about vitamins and their functions in our body

This article covers these topics

    What are vitamins?

    Vitamins are organic compounds require for our body normal functioning and growth. These are required in a small amount in our diet.
    Vitamins and minerals are known as micronutrients


    Types of vitamins

    There are 13 types of vitamins and their list is given below
    Out of 13 vitamins, 4 vitamins are fat soluble and 9 vitamins are water soluble

    Fat-soluble vitamins

    •  Vitamin A, D, E, K.

    vitamin list
       

    Functions of vitamins

    Each vitamin performs a unique function in our body

    Vitamin A

    • Role in vision, Growth and reproduction
    • Help in production of  membrane throughout the body
    • Produces a pigment in Retina so they are called Retinol

    Vitamin B1

    • Plays a role in carbohydrates metabolism in our body
    • Act as a coenzyme
    • Important for nerve functioning

    Vitamin B2

    • Act as a coenzyme in protein and carbohydrate synthesis
    • Require for normal skin health and vision
    • Also require for good digestion

    Vitamin B3

    • Important for nerve functioning
    • Relevant to digestion system and normal skin health

    Vitamin B5

    • Act as a coenzyme for acyl group transfer
    • Require for fat metabolism

    Vitamin B6

    • Help in the production of antibiotics
    • Require for amino acid and glycogen breakdown
    • Take part in Transamination, Decarboxylation  like biochemical reactions

    Biotin

    • Help in synthesis of fatty acid and synthesis
    • Role in Hair, skin health

    Folic acid

    • Require for the synthesis of red and white blood cells 
    • Plays a significant role in immune system

    Vitamin B12

    • Necessary component of red blood cells
    • Help in nucleotide synthesis, amino acid metabolism, Fatty acid breakdown

    Vitamin C

    • Help in wound healing
    • Require for protein metabolism
    • good for skin because it help in collagen synthesis

    Vitamin D

    • Act as an antioxidant
    • Require for bone growth
    • Help in absorption of calcium

    Vitamin E

    • Give protective effect on cell membrane
    • Require for reproductive system

    Vitamin K

    • Play a role in blood clotting

    Source of vitamins

    Vitamin A:-  Dark green vegetables like broccoli, Spanish, Carrot and also present in pumpkin, fish, dairy products such as yogurt.



    Vitamin B:- Eggs, Nuts, whole grain products



    Vitamin B2 :- Lamb, eggs, beef, peanuts



    Vitamin B3 :-  Liver, tuna, chicken, salmon, Peanuts.



    Vitamin B5 :- Nuts, beans, meat, poultry, Dairy product like milk.



    Vitamin B6 :- Salmon, tomatoes, yogurt, spinach, yellow corn



    Biotin:- Egg yolk, yeast, liver



    Folic acid:- green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits



    Vitamin B12 :- Egg, cheese, meat, milk



    Vitamin C :- Tomatoes, citrus fruits, green vegetables



    Vitamin D :- Sun light, Fish, milk, eggs



    Vitamin E :- Eggs, meat, fish, groundnut, soya



    Vitamin K :- Cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, Fish, meat, egg











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